#1 Viral Eye Infection Treatment: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Viral Eye Infection Treatment: Eye infections can be caused by a variety of factors, including viruses. Viral eye infections are common and can affect anyone, from children to adults. In this blog, we’ll take a closer look at viral eye infections, including their causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

What Is a Viral Eye Infection?

A viral eye infection, also known as viral conjunctivitis, is an infection of the eye caused by a virus. The conjunctiva is a thin, transparent membrane that covers the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids. When this membrane becomes inflamed, it can lead to a range of uncomfortable symptoms.

Causes of Viral Eye Infections

There are several different viruses that can cause eye infections. Some of the most common viruses that can lead to viral conjunctivitis include:

  • Adenovirus: This is the most common cause of viral conjunctivitis, responsible for up to 80% of cases.
  • Herpes simplex virus: This virus can cause both conjunctivitis and a more serious eye infection called keratitis.
  • Varicella-zoster virus: This virus is responsible for chickenpox and shingles, and can also cause conjunctivitis in rare cases.
  • Enteroviruses: These viruses can cause a range of respiratory and gastrointestinal illnesses, and can also lead to conjunctivitis in some cases.

Symptoms of Viral Eye Infections

The symptoms of viral eye infections can vary depending on the type of virus that’s causing the infection. Some of the most common symptoms of viral conjunctivitis include:

  • Redness in the white of the eye and inner eyelids
  • Itchy or burning sensation in the eye
  • Watery or sticky discharge from the eye
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Blurred vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Feeling like there is something in the eye
  • Fever (in some cases)

Viral Eye Infection Treatment

There is no specific treatment for viral eye infections, as antibiotics are not effective against viruses. Instead, treatment focuses on managing the symptoms of the infection and allowing the body to fight off the virus on its own. Some of the most common treatment options for viral conjunctivitis include:

  • Warm compresses: Applying a warm compress to the affected eye can help to soothe inflammation and reduce discomfort.
  • Eye drops: Over-the-counter eye drops or ointments can help to relieve symptoms such as itching or burning. Your doctor may also prescribe antiviral eye drops if the infection is severe or if you are at risk of complications.
  • Rest and hydration: Getting plenty of rest and staying hydrated can help your body fight off the virus more effectively.
  • Avoiding contact lenses: If you wear contact lenses, it’s important to avoid wearing them while you have a viral eye infection. This can help to prevent the spread of the virus and reduce the risk of complications.
  • Good hygiene: Practice good hygiene by washing your hands frequently, avoiding touching your eyes, and avoiding sharing personal items like towels or makeup.

In some cases, viral eye infections can lead to complications, such as bacterial infections or scarring of the cornea. If symptoms persist or worsen, it’s important to see a healthcare provider for further evaluation and treatment.

Preventing Viral Eye Infections

While it’s not always possible to prevent viral eye infections, there are some steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of contracting these infections. Some tips for preventing viral conjunctivitis include:

  • Wash your hands frequently: Regular handwashing is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of viruses.
  • Avoid touching your eyes: Try to avoid touching your eyes, as this can introduce germs and viruses into your eyes.
  • Avoid sharing personal items: Avoid sharing items like towels, eye drops, or contact lenses, as this can increase the risk of spreading the virus.
  • Practice good hygiene: Maintain good hygiene by regularly washing your hands, disinfecting surfaces, and avoiding touching your face.


  • Viral eye infections can be uncomfortable and disruptive, but they are typically not serious and can be managed with self-care and treatment. If you are experiencing symptoms of a viral eye infection, it’s important to seek medical attention to receive proper diagnosis and treatment. By taking steps to prevent the spread of viruses and practicing good hygiene, you can help to reduce your risk of contracting viral conjunctivitis and other common illnesses.
  • Remember, prevention is key when it comes to avoiding viral eye infections. Practice good hygiene, avoid sharing personal items, and take steps to protect your eyes from exposure to viruses and germs. With the right care and management, you can help to keep your eyes healthy and avoid the discomfort of viral eye infections.

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